Index:



L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei
    acf 'Albiflora'
    acf 'Albinica'
    acf 'Fred's Redhead'
    acf 'Storms's Albinigold'
L. lesliei var. hornii
    acf 'Greenhorn'
L. lesliei var. mariae
L. lesliei var. minor
    acf 'Witblom'
L. lesliei var. rubrobrunnea
L. lesliei var. venteri
L. lesliei subsp. burchellii



Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei


var. lesliei



       
       

Origin:


Collected by Thomas Nicholas Leslie whose youngest son Owen, discovered the plants on 9 August 1908, and named for him. In the Herbarium of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, there is a sheet with the dried remains of a Lithops sent by Miss C.G. Adams from Warrenton, CP, in April 1902. Obviously this was a specimen of what was later named L. lesliei. However, no more note was taken at the time or even subsequently of what was obviously a species new to science, and Miss Adams received no acknowledgement of her discovery.

Distribution:


RSA: CP, Tvl, OFS and in the SE corner of Botswana; a very large elliptic area including, in the CP, Kimberley, Vryburg, and a point some 80 km W of Mafikeng; in the Tvl, a point S of Louis Trichardt, Middelburg, Standerton; in the OFS, Harrismith, Bethlehem, Thaba Nchu, Zastron and Bloemfontein. TL Transvaal, Vereeniging, 'among pebbles of the Dwyka conglomerate' in an outcrop near the Vaal River.
Stone: Coarse conglomeritic sandstone; brown shaly siltstone; quartzite, ferruginous quartzite; pegmatitic granite; fine-grained feldspathic sandstone; amygdaloidal lava; chert; shale; banded jaspar. Colours brown, yellow-brown, grey-brown, pink, grey, grey-white, greyish green. Also coarse white calcrete with some red, brown, black and blue jaspilite.

Description:


Despite some variability in colour, relatively uniform and generally recognizable by its mainly green windows or channels, and very irregular rust-brown islands with numerous mini-windows.
Profile truncate; top surface flat to slightly convex; fissure shallow, 2-5 mm; lobes conjunct.
Face flush, elliptic to slightly reniform; lobes equal-unequal; opaque + transluscent; usually smooth, occasionally very slightly rugose.
Margins usually fairly narrow, mostly distinct but very irregular, with numerous small to large peninsulas; sometimes irregularly and finely denatate with numerous fine lines, simple or forked, extending and tapering outwards from the channels.
Windows usually occluded, rarely completely open, occasionally reduced to slender channels; usually few to very many mini-windows in the islands and peninsulas.
Channels narrow to broad, very irregular.
Islands sometimes reduced to rather obscure flecks, usually distinct, very irregular, small to large, few to many, and usually irregularly dotted with numerous mini-windows, so that the overall efffect is of a filigree pattern.
Rubrications absent.
Dusky dots rarely visible without a lens, few to many in the channels and mini-windows.
Colours: Margins and islands various shades of opaque greyish yellow, orange, rusty red or brown, also of greenish, pinkish or violaceous grey. Windows, channels and mini-windows various shades of transluscent greyish green, greenish grey, brownish or reddish green, greenish brown. Dusky dots dull greenish grey. Shoulders as for the margins, or duller and greyer.
Size: Medium to very large, facial diameters up to 49 X 33 mm, mostly about 30 X 23 mm. Number of heads up to 10 or more, mostly 2-5.

Flowers:


Yellow, medium to very large, up to 55 mm Ø, mostly 30-35 mm Ø.
Seed capsules mostly 5-merous (82%), otherwise mainly 6-merous (16%), or 7-merous (1%). Profile boat-shaped, top flat to slightly convex. Face broadly elliptic, up to 10,5 X 8 mm, mostly about 8 X 7 mm.
Seeds light brown; brown, dark brown; tuberculate 3.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei
var. lesliei
acf 'Albiflora' (1968)




Origin:


Collected by D.T. Cole, 27 March 1964 and 18 April 1965, on each occasion a single specimen only. Originally published as L. lesliei f. albiflora D.T. Cole. Latin albiflora 'white-flowering'.

Distribution:


Original collections from colony C005, near Warrenton, CP. Specimens have subsequently been collected or reported from near Stilfontein, Tvl, Vryburg, CP, and Kroonstad and Petrus Steyn, OFS. In all cases extremely rare, and no more than 3 or 4 specimens have been found in any one colony.

Description:


Flowers white (instead of yellow), but in all other respects the plants are indistinguishable from others in the same colony. They can therefore be identified only when in flower.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei
var. lesliei
acf 'Albinica' (1968)




Origin:


Collected by A.V. Dabner and Peter H. Wilkins early in 1965, and subsequently by D.T. Cole on 20 April 1965. Originally published as L. lesliei f. albinica D.T. Cole. Latin albinica 'albinistic'.

Distribution:


Known only from one locality, C036, near Warrenton, CP.

Description:


Flowers white (instead of yellow), and the plants also very distinctive in colour, but in all other respects the same as others in the colony. This form can be distinguished from acf 'Storms's Albinigold' only when in flower.
Colours: Margins and islands various shades of opaque yellowish green or golden yellow. Windows, channels & mini-windows transluscent dark greyish green or greenish grey. Dusky dots very obscurely visible even with a lens, dark greenish grey. Shoulders opaque pale greyish green.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei
var. lesliei
acf 'Fred's Redhead' (1999)



Description:


Differs from the type in being red in colour.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei

var. lesliei
acf 'Storms's Albinigold' (1985)



Origin:


This form appeared in 1976 among seedlings grown by Ed Storms, USA, from seed supplied by D.T. & N.A. Cole and obtained from plants collected in colony C036, near Warrenton, CP. It has not been found in habitat, but presumably it did occur there naturally at some time.

Description:


Except that, like the type, it has yellow flowers, this form is indistinguishable from acf 'Albinica'. It can therefore be identified only when in flower.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei


var. hornii H.W. de Boer (1966)



   

Origin:


Collected by H.A. Horn in December 1964, and named for him.

Distribution:


RSA: CP, in a small area SW and S of Modderrivier, thus at the SW edge of the range of var. lesliei. TL 'near Modderrivier, 30 miles south of Kimberley' (C364).
Stone: Chert with some dolerite. Colours light to dark brown, greyish brown, some black.

Description:


Differs from the type in colour, the opacity of the windows and channels, and in the relative paucity of mini-windows; uniform and fairly easy to identify, but similar to some forms of L. aucampiae.
Profile truncate; top surface mostly flat, sometimes slightly convex; fissure shallow, 3-5 mm; lobes conjunct.
Face flush, elliptic-reniform; lobes equal-unequal; opaque; somewhat rugose.
Margins usually not clearly distinguishable, very irregular, with numerous very irregular peninsulas; usually with short, sharp dentate notches or fine lines, simple or forked, tapering out from the channels.
Windows almost always ± occluded.
Channels broad to narrow, very irregular, somewhat impressed.
Islands small to large, few to many, very irregular, infrequently incorporating mini-windows.
Rubrications absent.
Dusky dots rarely visible without a lens, then very obscure, few to many.
Colours: Margins and islands various shades of opaque beige, yellowish brown or pinkish brown. Windows and channels various shades of opaque dark greyish brown to reddish brown. Dusky dots very obscure dark grey-green. Shoulders as for the margins, or slightly lighter or greyer.
Size: Medium to large, facial diameters up to 36 X 30 mm, mostly about 30 X 25 mm. Number of heads up to 6 or more, mostly 2-4.

Flowers:


Yellow, medium to large, up to 40 mm Ø, mostly 25-35 mm Ø.
Seed capsules mostly 5-merous (73%), otherwise mainly 6-merous (26%), or 7-merous (1%). Profile boat-shaped, top flat to slightly convex. Face broadly elliptic, up to 11 X 9 mm, mostly about 10 X 8 mm.
Seeds brown; tuberculate 3.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei
var. hornii
acf 'Greenhorn' (1985)



Origin:


Specimens of this form appeared among seedlings grown in 1977 by Ed Storms, USA, from seeds supplied by D.T. and N.A. Cole from plants collected in colony C015. Unfortunately, the one specimen which survived to adulthood mysteriously dissapeared. It is possible that this form may occur elsewhere in cultivation.

Description:


Very distinctive in colour, but in all other respects the same as the type.
Colours: Margins and islands opaque creamy green. Windows and channels as for the margins but somewhat lighter.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei


var. mariae D.T. Cole (1970)



   

Origin:


Collected by D.T. & N.A. Cole on 18 April 1969 (C141, PRE); named for Mrs Maria E. Huysamen who drew attention to the existence of this distinctive form and provided information about the locality.

Distribution:


RSA: OFS, in a small area within the range of var. lesliei, to the W of Boshoff and N and NE of Kimberley. TL 'near Boshoff, OFS, among grass and small shrubs on the stony southwestern slope of a low hill' (C141).
Stone: Yellowish to reddish brown fine-grained sandstone shale.

Description:


Distinguished from the type by the very fine pattern of markings and the lack of windows.
Profile truncate; top surface flat to slightly convex; fissure shallow, 2-5 mm; lobes conjunct.
Face flush, elliptic-reniform; lobes equal-unequal; mostly opaque; generally smooth, occasionally slightly rugose.
Margins and Windows generally absent or not clearly distinguishable.
Channels usually reduced to a broken network of very fine slightly impressed grooves and mini-windows, giving the overall impression of a finely dotted surface, the fine grooves sometimes taper off shortly into the outer marginal area; occasional specimens occur with slightly wider channels, producing the effect of obscure windows with very numerous small islands.
Islands not clearly distinguishable except in specimens with channels.
Rubrications absent.
Dusky dots not perceptible without a lens, few to many, set in the grooves and mini-windows.
Colours: Face opaque, light to dark rusty yellow-brown to red-brown. Grooves, channels & mini-windows opaque or very obscurely transluscent, dull dark greyish to reddish green. Dusky dots obscure dull dark greenish grey. Shoulders opaque bluish, greyish or pinkish brown.
Size: Medium to large, facial diameters up to 38 X 30 mm, mostly about 30 X 25 mm. Number of heads up to 10 or more, mostly 2-5.

Flowers:


Yellow, medium to large, up to 45 mm Ø, mostly 25-35 mm Ø.
Seed capsules mostly 5-merous (87%), otherwise mainly 6-merous (10%), or 4-merous (2%). Profile boat-shaped, top ± flat. Face elliptic, up to 10 X 7,5 mm, mostly about 8,5 X 6,5 mm.
Seeds light brown to brown; tuberculate 3.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei


var. minor H.W. de Boer (1961)



Origin:


Collected by C.J. Blom in October 1954, and again by D.T. Cole on 26 March 1961 (C006).

Distribution:


RSA: Tvl, in a very small area to the SW of Swartruggens, thus within the range of var. lesliei. TL recorded as 'between Rustenburg and Ventersdorp', but this suggests an area some distance to the E of the actual locality (C006).
Stone: Yellow-brown to brown ferruginous shaly sandstone.

Description:


Very similar to the typical form of var. lesliei, but consistently smaller and with slightly different markings.
Profile truncate; top surface flat to slightly convex; fissure shallow, 2-4 mm; lobes conjunct.
Face flush, elliptic-reniform; lobes equal-unequal; opaque + transluscent; smooth.
Margins usually distinct, fairly narrow, very irregular with numerous small to large peninsulas.
Windows usually ± occluded, rarely ± completely open, occasionally reduced to a few slender short channels and numerous mini-windows, the face then almost completely opaque.
Channels narrow to broad, very irregular, often ending in short fine lines tapering off into the outer margins.
Islands usually fairly large, very irregular, and irregularly dotted with few to many mini-windows.
Rubrications absent.
Dusky dots in the channels and mini-windows, not visible without a lens and even then very obscure.
Colours: Margins and islands various shades of opaque greyish pink or brown, pinkish grey, or yellowish or rusty brown. Channels & mini-windows various shades of transluscent dark grey-green. Dusky dots very obscurely dark greenish grey. Shoulders as for the margins.
Size: Very small to medium, facial diameters up to 28 X 20 mm, mostly about 18 X 13 mm. Number of heads up to 10 or more, mostly 2-5.

Flowers:


Yellow, medium to large, up to 40 mm Ø, mostly 25-30 mm Ø.
Seed capsules mostly 5-merous (95%), otherwise 4-merous (3%), or 6-merous (2%). Profile boat-shaped, top flat to slightly convex. Face broadly elliptic to round, up to 8 X 5,5 mm, mostly about 6,5 X 5,5 mm.
Seeds dark brown; tuberculate 3.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


Origin:


subsp. lesliei
var. minor
acf 'Witblom' (1985)



Collected by D.T. Cole on 26 March 1961, when a single specimen was found, and was the first white-flowering form to be discovered in L. lesliei. The name 'Witblom' (Afrikaans for 'white flower') commemorates, the discovery of var. minor by Mr C.J. Blom.

Distribution:


Known only from the TL of var. minor (C006), SW of Swartruggens, Tvl.

Description:


Flowers white (instead of yellow), but in all other respects the plants are indistinguishable from others in the same colony and they can therefore be identified only when in flower.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei


var. rubrobrunnea H.W. de Boer (1962)



   

Origin:


Collected by D.T. Cole in October 1961. Latin rubrobrunnea 'red-brown'.

Distribution:


RSA: Tvl, within the range of var. lesliei, in a very small area W of Randfontein and Krugersdorp. TL 'near Randfontein' (C017).
Stone: Dark pinkish-red ferruginous shaly silt-stone.

Description:


Differs from the type variety mainly in colour.
Profile truncate; top surface flat to slightly convex; fissure shallow, 2-5 mm; lobes conjunct.
Face flush, elliptic-reniform; lobes equal-unequal; opaque + transluscent; smooth.
Margins sometimes distinct, fairly narrow, very irregular, with numerous irregular peninsulas.
Windows occasionally ± completely open, usually ± occluded and reduced to channels with numerous mini-windows in the opaque areas; often with simple or forked, fine short lines tapering off into the outer margins.
Channels narrow to broad, very irregular.
Islands usually distinct, very irregular, small to large, few to many, dotted with a few to many mini-windows.
Rubrications absent.
Dusky dots rarely visible without a lens, usually numerous.
Colours: Margins and islands opaque, various shades of deep pink. Windows & channels transluscent dark green to greyish green. Dusky dots dull dark greenish grey. Shoulders as for the margins or greyer.
Size: Medium, facial diameters up to 35 X 25 mm, mostly about 27 X 20 mm. Number of heads up to 10 or more, mostly 2-5.

Flowers:


Yellow, medium, up to 35 mm , mostly 25-30 mm .
Seed capsules mostly 5-merous (90%), otherwise 6-merous (10%). Profile boat-shaped, top flat to convex. Face broadly elliptic, up to 9 X 7 mm, mostly about 8 X 6,5 mm.
Seeds dark brown; tuberculate 3.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. lesliei


var. venteri (G.C. Nel) H.W. de Boer & B.K. Brown (1940)



     

Origin:


Collected by Major (later Major-General) Hendrik Johannes Tjaart Venter in September 1939, and named for him.

Distribution:


RSA: CP, in a fairly narrow strip on both sides of the Harts River, extending NE from its confluence with the Vaal River near Delportshoop to a point near Taung. The range of var. venteri is thus to the W of that of var. lesliei, between Kimberley and Taung, and if the two varieties do not overlap at any point then they are very closely contiguous. TL 'Griqualand West, Boetsap, in lime' (C047).
Stone: Calcrete with some quartz, jasper and agate river pebbles; calcrete with some ferruginous sandstone. Colours grey-white, with some brown, white, red, black, green.

Description:


Distinguished from the type by colour and the much greater tendency to range from very densely occluded to completely open windows.
Profile truncate; top surface flat to slightly convex, occasionally slightly concave; fissure shallow, 3-7 mm; lobes conjunct.
Face flush, elliptic-reniform; lobes equal-unequal; mostly opaque; smooth to very slightly rugose.
Margins usually not clearly distinguishable when the windows are completely occluded; otherwise distinct, usually irregularly dentate with numerous very irregular peninsulas, but sometimes very even - usually, the more open the windows, the more regular the margins.
Windows occasionally completely open, often partly occluded, but mostly reduced to irregularly branched narrow channels or grooves and mini-windows, nearly always with many fine simple or forked lines tapering off into the outer margins.
Channels sometimes broad, usually narrow to very narrow and constituting a branched system of slightly impressed short grooves and mini-windows.
Islands small to large, few to many, usually very irregular, often linked into larger complexes, and often incorporating mini-windows.
Rubrications absent.
Dusky dots not visible without a lens, then very obscurely, few to many, situated in the channels and mini-windows.
Colours: Margins and islands various shades of opaque light grey with pale bluish, greenish or pinkish tints. Windows and channels usually opaque, occasionally very obscurely transluscent, dark slate-grey, occasionally almost black, sometimes tinted with green or brown. Dusky dots very dark greenish grey. Shoulders as for the margins or slightly lighter grey.
Size: Medium to large, facial diameters up to 37 X 26 mm, mostly about 30 X 20 mm. Number of heads up to 10 or more, mostly 2-4.

Flowers:


Yellow, medium, up to 35 mm Ø, mostly 25-30 mm Ø.
Seed capsules mostly 5-merous (95%), otherwise mainly 6-merous (5%). Profile boat-shaped, top ± flat to slightly convex. Face broadly elliptic, up to 8 X 7 mm, mostly about 7,5 X 6 mm.
Seeds brown; tuberculate 3.

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Lithops lesliei (N.E. Brown) N.E. Br. (1912)


subsp. burchellii D.T. Cole (1988)



   

Origin:


Collected by D.T. & N.A. Cole on 26 April 1977, near Douglas, CP (C302, PRE), and named for William John Burchell who discovered the first Lithops known to botanical science, and who travelled in October 1811 through the area where this subspecies occurs.

Distribution:


RSA: CP, in small area NE of Douglas. It is probable that this subspecies occurs also in the military zone further to the NE, along the Vaal River. TL NE of Douglas (C302).
Stone: Calcrete with some jaspilite. Colours grey-white with some red, brown, black.

Description:


Distinguished from subsp. lesliei by colour and markings, and from var. venteri by the much finer meshlike markings and clavate marginal lines. Although clearly belonging to the very distinctive lesliei type, the seeds of this taxon differ significantly from those of all the varieties in subsp. lesliei.
Profile truncate; top surface flat to slightly convex, occasionally slightly concave; fissure shallow, 3-7 mm; lobes conjunct.
Face flush, mostly ± elliptic, sometimes slightly reniform; lobes mostly ± equal; opaque; smooth to very slightly rugose.
Margins often not clearly distinguishable, otherwise usually distinct but very irregular, with numerous rather irregular peninsulas produced by numerous fine indentations and lacinations which usually terminate in mini-windows; often also isolated mini-windows in the margins, sometimes extending over onto the shoulders.
Windows usually ± occluded, occasionally ± completely open, very often reduced to very narrow groove-like channels; in all cases with numerous fine clavate lines (i.e. lines terminating in mini-windows) extending into the margins and sometimes over onto the shoulders.
Channels sometimes broad to narrow, usually reduced to very narrow slightly impressed grooves, constituting a very fine mesh; mini-windows almost entirely restricted to the margins and shoulders where they are sometimes isolated but usually at the ends of lines extending out from the channels.
Islands usually fairly small and somewhat irregular, rarely incorporating a few mini-windows.
Rubrications absent.
Dusky dots not visible.
Colours: Face (margins and islands) various shades of opaque whitish grey, or pale grey tinged with cream or yellowish or pinkish beige. Windows & channels opaque very dark slate-grey, sometimes almost black. Shoulders various shades of opaque light bluish grey.
Size: Medium to large, facial diameters up to 35 X 30 mm, mostly about 30 X 23 mm. Number of heads up to 10 or more, mostly 2-3.

Flowers:


Yellow, medium, up to 35 mm Ø, mostly 25-30 mm Ø.
Seed capsules mostly 5-merous (87%), otherwise mainly 6-merous (11%). and 4-merous (2%). Profile boat-shaped, top ± flat. Face broadly elliptic, up to 8,5 X 7,5 mm, mostly about 7,5 X 6 mm.
Seeds light brown to brown; tuberculate 2-3.

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* Information from COLE, DESMOND T. and NAUREEN A., (2005) Lithops Flowering Stones, Cactus&Co. Libri


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